Kiwi

Kiwi

Nutritional qualities and health benefits

 

  • They have a high concentration of vitamins and minerals. It is one of the best fruit source of vitamin C.
  • Are rich in antioxidants and provide plenty of soluble fiber.
  • They contain a lot of potassium and folic acid.
  • Its seeds are rich in vitamin E and omega-3 and mega-6, which help to improve the condition of the arteries, preventing blood clots from forming in blood vessels.
  • Their good levels of chromium appear to control the heart rhythm.
  • Calcium levels are also high.
  • They have good amounts of vitamin A that reduces the chance of cataracts and macular degeneration.
  • High levels of an enzyme called actinidin that helps digestion. It is also rich in copper, vital for the growth of children, strengthens the bones and makes developing brain and immune system.

 

Origin and cultivation
 

The kiwi is native to Southwest Asia, particularly China. These never cultivated the plant, only harvested fruit. The merit of the culture is what brings New Zealanders, but would not have been possible if it had not Spanish missionaries brought to New Zealand in 1906. Apart from New Zealand, the Kiwis are also grown in California, Italy, Japan, France, Chile, China, Spain, Greece and Israel.

Common names

The scientific name of the plant is Actinidia Delicious. Others names b which known are Alquequenje Chinese, Chinese lantern, wort, Chinese gooseberry.

Curiosities

  • The color of the kiwis can go from orange, red, violet, green, lime green, to white, and their flesh from orange, red, violet, green, lime green, to yellow.
  • The plant is not a tree, is a climbing shrub of the family of the Camellias and does not produce fruit, produce berries.
  • The plant was not known in Europe until the nineteenth century, but as a vine by their fruits, as they are very ornamental and bear fruit only in warm climates.
  • The kiwi is a soothing balm for the lips.
  • The kiwi was named after the kiwi bird of New Zealand, which is small, furry and brown color.
  • Spain is one of the largest consumers of kiwifruit in the world.
  • If you want to mature more quickly, you get into a plastic bag with kiwis a banana or an apple.

 

Sources consulted

Lyle, Susanna. Enciclopedia de las frutas del mundo. David Baterman Ltd. (ed. Lit.); Parangona Realitzacio Editorial SL (trad.). Barcelona: De Vecchi, 2007. 480 p. ISBN: 978-84-315-5164-3

Flowerdew, Bob. El gran libro de las frutas. Kyle Cathie Limited (ed. Lit.); Anna Turró/Montse Pratsobrerroca (trad.). Barcelona: RBA Libros, S.A., 2006. 256 p. ISBN: 978-84-787-1595-4

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinidia_deliciosa

http://www.botanical-online.com/kiwis.htm

Foto: Autor: Hans Braxmeier. Fuente: pixabay.com

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